Modern attempts, however, to revive this office have seldom found favor; either from the altered state of society, or the abuse of the office, or both. Timotheus, my work-fellow--"my fellow labourer"; see Acts 16:1-5 . (See 1 Peter 2:4 , 2 John 1:13 ). But this will hardly be supposed if it be observed that they are divided into two pairs of five each, and that after the first of these pairs it is added, "and the brethren which are with them," while after the second pair we have the words, "and all the saints which are with them." but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple--"harmless," as in Matthew 10:16 , from which the warning is taken. Then review the listed passages and write your own notes on the following questions. Scripture quoted by permission. unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles--whose special apostle this dear couple had rescued from imminent danger. Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! 17. Greet Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord. 1 [ a]I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is [also] a minister[ b] of the church at Cenchreae, 2 that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the holy ones, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a benefactor to many and to me as well. Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you. Whatever differs from the sound doctrine of the Scriptures, opens a door to divisions and offences. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Receive her in the Lord--that is, as a genuine disciple of the Lord Jesus. So will their Christian character acquire solidity and elevation, and their influence for good be proportionably extended. Amplias--a contracted form of "Ampliatus." concerning--"unto" evil--"Your reputation among the churches for subjection to the teaching ye have received is to me sufficient ground of confidence in you; but ye need the serpent's wisdom to discriminate between transparent truth and plausible error, with that guileless simplicity which instinctively cleaves to the one and rejects the other.". (5) "Has the everlasting God . I, Tertius, who wrote this--"the" epistle--as the apostle's amanuensis, or penman. Eph. In this case the apostle's desire seems to be that on receipt of his epistle, with its salutations, they should in this manner expressly testify their Christian affection. Romans 16 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea. (See Hosea 9:10 , Micah 7:1 ). Probably this devoted couple had written to the apostle such an account of the stated meetings at their house, as made him feel at home with them, and include them in this salutation, which doubtless would be read at their meetings with peculiar interest. The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. Proud member of the city--doubtless of Corinth. 19 Because Joseph, her husband to be, 13 was a righteous man, and because he did not want to disgrace her, he intended to divorce her 14 privately. our helper--"fellow labourer" in Christ. Greet my dear friend Epenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. Salute them that are of the household of Narcissus, that are in the Lord. Chapter 16. 484 The words are χρόνοις αἰωνίοις, rendered improperly by Hammond and others, from the eternal ages, or eternity. on StudyLight.org Stachys my beloved; this is a Greek name, which signifieth an ear of corn. Through him it is natural to suppose that his wife would be brought in, and that this believing couple, now "heirs together of the grace of life" ( 1 Peter 3:7 ), as they told their two sons, Alexander and Rufus, what honor had unwittingly been put upon their father at that hour of deepest and dearest moment to all Christians, might be blessed to the inbringing of both of them to Christ. Sweet compulsion, if what he thus beheld issued in his voluntarily taking up his own cross! Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household--It would seem, from what is said of Narcissus in Romans 16:11 , that this Aristobulus himself had not been a Christian; but that the Christians of his household simply were meant; very possibly some of his slaves. Greet Herodion, my fellow Jew. Romans - a 16 week study guide. Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the other brothers and sisters with them. 11. 9, 10. Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I rejoice because of you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil. Should Christians drink alcohol? 16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. (See Romans 16:19 ). Now to him who is able to establish you in accordance with my gospel, the message I proclaim about Jesus Christ, in keeping with the revelation of the mystery hidden for long ages past, but now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings by the command of the eternal God, so that all the Gentiles might come to the obedience that comes from. Greet those in the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord. Read through the complete passage for this study, Romans 14:1–16:23. That in the earliest churches there were deaconesses, to attend to the wants of the female members, there is no good reason to doubt. Please visit www.usefulbible.com to find our articles on each verse of the book. Romans 16:15 - Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. and Aquila my helpers--The wife is here named before the husband (as in Acts 18:18 , and Romans 16:26 , according to the true reading; also in 2 Timothy 4:19 ), probably as being the more prominent and helpful to the Church. In 1 Corinthians 16:15 it is said that "the household of Stephanas was the first-fruit of Achaia"; and though if Epænetus was one of that family, the two statements might be reconciled according to the received text, there is no need to resort to this supposition, as that text is in this instance without authority. See under Romans 16:7 for notes regarding Herodian. How were they to assist her (v.2)? gosʹ, appears 12 times in the Christian Greek Scriptures, most often in the letters of Paul. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. And of course, if "Junia" is to be taken for a woman, this latter must be the meaning. He was Paul’s secretary, who wrote this letter as Paul dictated it, who inserts a personal greeting. Let the apostle's counsel on this head ( Romans 16:19) be taken as a study, especially by young Christians, whose character has yet to be formed, and whose permanent sphere in life is but partially fixed; and let them prayerfully set themselves to the combined exercise of both those qualities. The Book of Romans. and by good words and fair speeches deceive the simple--the unwary, the unsuspecting. That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business … His name means man-conquering. But if, as is more probable, the word be, as in our version, "Junia," the person meant was no doubt either the wife or the sister of Andronicus. Greet also the church that meets at their house. These little peeps into the rudimental forms which Christian fellowship first took in the great cities, though too indistinct for more than conjecture, are singularly interesting. and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for--in order to the obedience of faith--Lest they should think, from what he had just said, that God had brought in upon his people so vast a change on their condition without giving them any previous notice, the apostle here adds that, on the contrary, "the Scriptures of the prophets" contain all that he and other preachers of the Gospel had to declare on these topics, and indeed that the same "everlasting God," who "from eternal ages" had kept these things hid, had given "commandment" that they should now, according to the tenor of those prophetic Scriptures, be imparted to every nation for their believing acceptance. to the only wise God be glory forever through Jesus Christ! 27. I urge you, brothers and sisters, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. salute you in the Lord--So usually did the apostle dictate his epistles, that he calls the attention of the Galatians to the fact that to them he wrote with his own hand ( Galatians 6:11 ). And, indeed, if to be "in Christ" be the most enviable human condition, the earlier the date of this blessed translation, the greater the grace of it. The apostle adds his devout "Amen," which the reader--if he has followed him with the astonishment and delight of him who pens these words--will fervently echo. Indeed, from the relation in which the sexes then stood to each other, something of this sort would seem to have been a necessity. 5. Romans 16 King James Version (KJV) 16 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea: 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also. But as Rome was then the center of the civilized world, to and from which journeys were continually taken to the remotest parts, there is no great difficulty in supposing that so active a travelling missionary as Paul would, in course of time, make the acquaintance of a considerable number of the Christians then residing at Rome. Many call Christ, Master and Lord, who are far from serving him. his mother and mine--The apostle calls her "his own mother," not so much as our Lord calls every elderly woman believer His mother ( Matthew 12:49 Matthew 12:50 ), but in grateful acknowledgment of her motherly attentions to himself, bestowed no doubt for his Master's sake, and the love she bore to his honored servants. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendatio… Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too. Salute Rufus, chosen--"the chosen" in the Lord--meaning, not "who is one of the elect," as every believer is, but "the choice" or "precious one" in the Lord. But at least it would seem to indicate that they were each a center of some few Christians who met at his house--it may be for further instruction, for prayer, for missionary purposes, or for some other Christian objects. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant a of the church in Cenchrea. How were they to receive Phebe (v.2)? But no more seems meant than to assure the Romans in what affectionate esteem they were held by the churches generally; all that knew he was writing to Rome having expressly asked their own salutations to be sent to them. Salute my well beloved Epænetus, who is the first-fruits--that is, the first convert of Achaia unto Christ--The true reading here, as appears by the manuscripts, is, "the first-fruits of Asia unto Christ"--that is, Proconsular Asia (see Acts 16:6 ). Let the apostle's counsel on this head ( Romans 16:19 ) be taken as a study, especially by young Christians, whose character has yet to be formed, and whose permanent sphere in life is but partially fixed; and let them prayerfully set themselves to the combined exercise of both those qualities. and--salute. The person meant seems to be "Lucius of Cyrene," who was among the "prophets and teachers" at Antioch with our apostle, before he was summoned into the missionary field ( Acts 13:1 ). At its outset, this is an ascription of glory to the power that could do all this; at its close it ascribes glory to the wisdom that planned and that presides over the gathering of a redeemed people out of all nations. The ancient subscription at the end of this epistle--though of course of no authority--appears to be in this case quite correct. A history book states that he became bishop of Pannonia. 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